Demography of Health and Aging Training Seminar- Ruth Wygle and Anna Holleman - Duke University
ANNA: The Resilience of Female Clergy: Gender and the Relationship Between Occupational Distress and Mental Health Among Congregational Leaders. RUTH: Need relief? Call your local jail. Plans for a dissertation on the topic of jail leasing
Date: 01/21/2021 (Thu)
Time: 3:30pm- 5:00pm
Organizer: Scott Lynch
Meeting Schedule: (Not currently open for scheduling. Please contact the seminar organizer listed above.)
3:30pm - Seminar Presentation (3:30pm to 5:00pm)
Additional Comments: Anna's Abstract: Religious leaders face unique vocational challenges that place their health at risk. As the clergy profession has traditionally been male-dominated, female clergy experience greater occupational stress than their male colleagues, putting their health at additional risk. However, past research offers varied evidence on the gendered nature of clergy health, suggesting that females may be especially resilient to the difficulties of clergy work. Using panel data from the Clergy Health Initiative, a sample of United Methodist pastors from 2008 to 2019, this study examines clergy-specific occupational stress and its gendered relationship with depression. I find that, while female clergy experience higher levels of occupational stress, the relationship between occupational stress and depression is weaker for females as compared to males. This study thus offers a new perspective on the gendered nature of the pastorate: that being a female clergyperson can be conceptualized as a strength and asset. RUTH: I will be using this time to present and get feedback on preliminary plans for my dissertation proposal. The overall topic of my dissertation will be jail leasing. Jail leasing is the practice of states (and in some cases the federal government) entering into contractual agreements with local governments to house individuals under the state’s jurisdiction in local jails. They “rent” beds in these local facilities. As a result of the latter, it has become increasingly common for individuals to serve some or all of their sentence for a felony conviction in a local jail rather than a state prison. This practice has received very little scholarly attention, and so, little is known about the impacts of this practice on individuals who experience long-term incarceration in local facilities. In the first chapter of my dissertation, I plan to broadly document this practice and its usage at the state (i.e., which states are and are not using this practice) and local (i.e., counties with what features are most likely to be engaging in this practice) level. I also plan to assess the impact of jail leasing on two important outcomes: mortality (both pre and post-release) and recidivism. I am also potentially interested in examining this practice from an organizational sociology lens.